The country in the heart of Europe has borders in the north with Poland, with Germany in the northwest and southwest, Austria in the south and Slovakia in the east. The Czech Republic has been historically divided into three regions, Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. A major tourist destination is the capital Prague.
The Czech Republic covers the area of 79,000 sq km and the population is a bit over 10 millions. We are part of NATO since 1999 and EU since 2004.
What does the country offer to nature lovers?
The landscape is exceedingly various and consist of several different ranges of mountains. The highest peak of 1,602m, Sněžka, is located in Krkonose Mountains. In Silesian Region, Lysa Mountain represents the highest point in Moravian-Silesian Beskydy mountain range.
There are four national parks in the Czech Republic. The oldest is Krkonoše National Park located in Bohemia Region.
The largest river is the Vltava which offers a great opportunity for white water rafting. In Silesian Region, there are two important water courses, the Odra and the Ostravice.
What sort of weather should I expect?
The Czech Republic has a, temperate continental climate with relatively hot summers and cold and snowy winters.
The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. It usually frequently snows during these months and such weather creates perfect conditions for ski lovers. Spring brings fast-changing weather with regular rain showers. The warmest month of the year is July, followed by August and June. Temperatures above 30 °C are not unusual. Autumn generally begins in September, which is still relatively warm and dry. During October, temperatures usually fall to 10 °C and by the end of November, temperatures drop to freezing point.
What` s the best way to travel around the country?
One of the fastest options is a railway network. Ostrava has direct train connection with the capital Prague and lies on the main rail route connecting Vienna and Warsaw. Some EuroCity trains go also to Žilina and Košice in Slovakia.
If you prefer a bus, check Student Agency (http://www.studentagency.eu), a bus travel provider which offers reasonable deals for ISIC card holders.
What if I get into troubles and need a help?
Make sure you memorize or write down following emergency numbers: Universal Emergency Service line – 112, Ambulance – 155, Police – 158, City Police – 156, Fire Brigade – 150. For directory enquiries call 1180/1181.
In case you need to contact your embassy, you can find contact details here: http://www.mzv.cz/jnp.